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Thai Principles
Preface

Sometime, the Thai language is difficult to use correctly. So, it is important for the learner to understand the basic Thai language principle first.


1. Tone

Thai language has four tonal mark or tonal accent for five tones in Thai word. If the tone is wrong, you can't communicate with Thai people to understand.

In Thai writing uses tonal mark on the consonants and there are four such marks, namely :
1. The first tonal mark
mai eag (͡)
2. The second tonal mark
mai toe ()
3. The third tonal mark
mai tree ()
4. The fourth tonal mark
mai jad-ta-war (ѵ)

In the speech of Thai people of central Thailand there are five tones in all : (Your voice starts at a low pitch and goes up.)
1. The level tone
reading ar
2. The grave tone
reading ar
3. The dropped tone
reading ar
4. The acute tone
reading ar
5. The rising tone
reading ar

Thai language has a condition of some words that are use in everyday Thai life, for instance :


:: low-tone consonants without any marks are pronounced with a level tone.
Ex.
(to come)
pronunciation as in
mar
(to have)
pronunciation as in
mee
(good)
pronunciation as in
dee
(to wait)
pronunciation as in
ror
 
Etc.
   

:: High-tone consonants with no tonal marks are pronounced with a rising tone.
Ex.
(a leg)
pronunciation as in
khar
(a ghost)
pronunciation as in
pee
(a tiger)
pronunciation as in
soer
Etc.
   


:: Low-tone consonants with the first tonal marks are pronounced with a dropped tone.
Ex.
(value)
pronunciation as in
kar
(name)
pronunciation as in
cheu
(when)
pronunciation as in
moer
(to say)
pronunciation as in
war
Etc.
   

:: High-tone consonants with the first tonal marks are pronounced with a grave tone.
Ex.
(egg)
pronunciation as in
khai
(to ware)
pronunciation as in
sai
(bamboo)
pronunciation as in
pai
Etc.
   


::
Low-tone consonants with the second tonal marks are pronounced with an acute tone.
Ex.
(to trade)
pronunciation as in
kar
(water)
pronunciation as in
num
(horse)
pronunciation as in
mar
ͧ (to call)
pronunciation as in
rorng
Etc.
   

:: High-tone consonants with the second tonal marks are pronounced with a dropped tone.
Ex.
(a horsewhip)
pronunciation as in
sae
(cloths)
pronunciation as in
par
(a fever)
pronunciation as in
khai
Etc.
   

Note : You can notice the different and correct tone consonants, tones, and tonal marks from Thai words that we gave you at the end.

Learning and studying basic Thai-tone principals for correct speaking with Thai people, the learner should notice the correct different in tones of each word and the correct meanings of them by continuously communicate with Thai people. We, www.speakingthai.com, will develop this website for serving the best and the most to you the learner.




2. Spelling

Thai language uses some consonants to be spelling characters by working with other consonants and vowels in front of spelling characters to be a word :

2.1 (gor gai) Spelling as in c, g, k and x in English language.
  Ex. action, big, dog, box, and Bangkok etc.

2.2

(ngor ngoo) Spelling as in ng and nk in English language.

  Ex. language, king, link, and bank etc.

2.3

(dor deag) Spelling as in d, s and t in English language.

  Ex. bad, cad, lord, bus, and cat etc.
Note : Thai language may use consonants as (dor cha-dar), (thor tharn), (tor tao), (thor thung), (sor sar-lar), (sor reu-see) and (sor soer) same as spelling character.

2.4

(nor noo) Spelling as in n in English language.

  Ex. can, moon, tone, and zone etc.
Note : Thai language may use consonants as (yor ying), (nor nean), (ror roer) and (lor ling) same as spelling character.

2.5

(bor bai-mai) Spelling as in b and p in English language.

  Ex. dab, tab, map and top etc.
Note : Thai language may use consonants as (por plar) and (por parn) same as spelling character.

2.6

(mor mar) Spelling as in m in English language.

  Ex. nimrod, am, and some etc.

2.7

(yor yag) Spelling as in y in English language.

  Ex. boy, fly, and try etc.
Note : The spelling character must use with vowels or a character (or arng) and (wor whaen) so it can be a spelling character. It can not do its work by itself alone.

2.8

(or arng) Works as an vowel and a spelling character in a word at the same time.

However, if you notice its character and obligation of spelling characters in Thai and English language, you will find a similar. So, it is easy for learner to learn and study by comparison.

We will find important and necessary stories of learning and studying basic Thai-language principals continuously.

We wish you will have fun with learning and studying Thai language with
www.speakingthai.com

Sat, 29 March, 2003




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